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明法尊者:《法句经》注 26、婆罗门品


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明法尊者:《法句经》注 26、婆罗门品

 

  383 Chinda sotam parakkamma, kame panuda brahmana,

  savkharanam khayam batva, akatabbu si brahmana.

  [Chinda切断(单2imp.)] [sotam流(阳单业格)] [parakkamma努力(ger.)],

  [kame欲(阳複业格)] [panuda彻底破除(单2imp.)] [brahmana婆罗门(阳单呼格)],

  [savkharanam一起作(阳複属格)] [khayam灭尽(阳单业格)] [batva知(ger.)],

  [akatabbu知未被作(阳单主格, a.)] [si是(单2现)] brahmana.

  383 勇敢断除于欲流,汝当弃欲婆罗门!若知于诸行灭尽,汝便知无作涅槃。

  384 Yada dvayesu dhammesu, paragu hoti brahmano,

  ath’ assa sabbe samyoga, attham gacchanti janato.

  [Yada当...时] [dvayesu二重(ㄔㄨㄥˊ)(阳複处格, a.)] [dhammesu法(阳複处格)],

  [paragu已去到彼岸(阳单主格, a.)] [hoti变成(单3现)] [brahmano婆罗门(阳单主格)],

  [ath’然后] [assa此(中单与格)] [sabbe一切(阳複主格, a.)] [samyoga结合(阳複主格)],

  [attham灭没(中单业格)] [gacchanti去到(複3现)] [janato知(中单从格, a.)].

  384 若常住于二法 ,婆罗门达彼岸;所有一切繫缚,从彼智者而灭。

  385 Yassa param aparam va, paraparam na vijjati,

  vitaddaram visamyuttam, tam aham brumi brahmanam.

  [Yassa他(阳单属格, rp.)] [param彼岸(中单主格)] [aparam非彼岸(中单主格)] [va或],

  [par彼岸][aparam非彼岸(中单主格)] [na不] [vijjati被知(单3现)],

  {[vita离(pp.)]d[daram害怕](阳单业格, a.)} [visamyuttam离结合(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  385 无彼岸.此岸 ,两岸悉皆无,离苦 无繫缚,是谓婆罗门。

  386 Jhayim virajam asinam, katakiccam anasavam,

  uttamatthamanuppattam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385)

  [Jhayim禅那(阳单业格, a.)] [virajam离尘(阳单业格, a.)] [asinam坐(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [kata作(pp.)][kiccam作(阳单业格, grd.)] [anasavam无流向(阳单业格, a.)],

  [uttam最上][attham义利(中单业格)][anuppattam随得达(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  386 彼人入禅定,安住离尘垢,所作皆已办,无诸烦恼漏,

  证最高境界,是谓婆罗门。

  387 Diva tapati adicco, rattim abhati candima,

  sannaddho khattiyo tapati, jhayi tapati brahmano,

  atha sabbam ahorattim, Buddho tapati tejasa. (cf. S.21.11./ ii284)

  [Diva在日间(adv.)] [tapati照耀(单3现)] [adicco太阳(阳单主格)], [rattim在夜间(adv.)] [abhati照明(单3现)] [candima月(阳单主格)],

  [sannaddho武装(阳单主格, pp.)] [khattiyo刹帝利(阳单主格)] tapati, [jhayi禅那(阳单主格, a.)] tapati [brahmano婆罗门(阳单主格)],

  [atha然后] [sabbam一切(阴单业格, a.)] [ahorattim日夜(阴单业格)], [Buddho已觉者(阳单主格)] tapati [tejasa火(中单具格)].

  387 日照昼兮月明夜,刹帝利武装辉耀,婆罗门禅定光明,佛陀光普照昼夜。

  388 Bahitapapo ti brahmano, samacariya samano ti vuccati.

  Pabbajayam attano malam, tasma “pabbajito” ti vuccati.

  [Bahita排斥(pp.)][papo恶(阳单主格, a.)] [ti这样(结尾语)] [brahmano婆罗门(阳单主格)],

  [samacariya行于平息(阳单从格, a.)] [samano沙门(阳单主格)] ti [vuccati被叫做(单3现)].

  [Pabbajayam使...出去(阳单主格, ppr.)] [attano自我(阳单属格)] [malam垢(中单业格)],

  [tasma由于它] “[pabbajito已出家者(阳单主格)]” ti vuccati.

  388 弃除恶业者,是名婆罗门。行为清淨者,则称为沙门,自除垢秽者,是名出家人。

  389~390

  389 Na brahmanassa pahareyya, nassa mubcetha brahmano,

  dhi brahmanassa hantaram, tato dhi yassa mubcati.

  [Na不] [brahmanassa婆罗门(阳单与格)] [pahareyya打(单3opt.)],

  [n不][assa此(中单与格)] [mubcetha出声(单3opt.为自言)] [brahmano婆罗门(阳单主格)],

  [dhi呸(ㄆㄟ)!(indecl.)] [brahmanassa婆罗门(阳单与格)] [hantaram击杀者(阳单业格)],

  [tato从那边] dhi [yassa他(阳单与格, rp.)] [mubcati出声(单3现)].

  389 莫打婆罗门!婆罗门莫瞋,打彼者可耻,忿发耻更甚!

  390 Na brahmanass’ etad akibci seyyo, yada nisedho manaso piyehi;

  yato yato himsamano nivattati, tato tato sammatimeva dukkham.

  [Na像这样] [brahmanass’婆罗门(阳单与格)] [etad这(中单主格)] [akibci无任何(中单主格, pron.)] [seyyo比较好(中单主格, a.)],

  [yada当...时] [nisedho抑止(阳单主格, a.)] [manaso意(中单与格)] [piyehi可爱(中複从格, a.)];

  [yato yato从任何时] [himsa伤害][mano意(中单主格)] [nivattati消灭(单3现)],

  [tato tato就从那时] [sammati被平息(单3现)]m[eva如此] [dukkham苦(中单主格)].

  390 婆罗门此非小益──若自喜乐制其心。随时断除于害心,是唯得止于苦痛。

  391 Yassa kayena vacaya, manasa natthi dukkatam,

  samvutam tihi thanehi, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385)

  [Yassa他(阳单属格, rp.)] [kayena身(阳单具格)] [vacaya语(阴单具格)],

  [manasa意(中单具格)] [natthi不存在(单3现)] [dukkatam恶作(中单主格)],

  [samvutam完全围(阳单业格, pp.)] [tihi三(中具格)] [thanehi地方(中複具格)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  391 不以身.语.意,行作诸恶业,制此三处者,是谓婆罗门。

  392 Yamha dhammam vijaneyya sammasambuddhadesitam,

  sakkaccam tam namasseyya, aggihuttam va brahmano.

  [Yamha他(阳单从格, rp.)] [dhammam法(阳单业格)] [vijaneyya扩大知(单3opt.)]

  [sammasambuddha已正确完全觉者][desitam揭示(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [sakkaccam恭敬(ger.)] [tam他(阳单业格)] [namasseyya敬拜(单3opt.)],

  [aggihuttam火供物(中单业格)] [va如] [brahmano婆罗门(阳单主格)].

  392 正等觉者所说法,不论从何而得闻,于彼说者应敬礼,如婆罗门 敬圣火。

  393 Na jatahi gottena, na jacca hoti brahmano;

  yamhi saccabca dhammo ca, so suci so ca brahmano.

  [Na不] [jatahi结髮(阴複具格)] [gottena姓(中单具格)],

  na [jacca生(阴单具格)] [hoti变成(单3现)] [brahmano婆罗门(阳单主格)];

  [yamhi他(阳单处格, rp.)] [saccab真谛(中单主格)] [ca及] [dhammo法(阳单主格)] ca,

  [so他(阳单主格)] [suci淨(阳单主格, a.)] so [ca并且] brahmano.

  393 不因髻髮与种族,亦非生为婆罗门。谁知真实及达摩 ,彼为幸福 婆罗门。

  394 Kim te jatahi dummedha, kim te ajinasatiya,

  Abbhantaram te gahanam bahiram parimajjasi.

  [Kim为何?] [te你(单属格)] [jatahi结髮(阴複从格)] [dummedha恶智(阳单呼格, a.)],

  kim te [ajina羊皮][satiya衣(阳单从格)],

  [Abbhantaram全面内部(中单主格, a.)] [te你(单属格)] [gahanam深藏不露处(中单主格)]

  [bahiram外部(中单业格, a.)] [parimajjasi遍擦拭(单2现)].

  394 愚者结髮髻,衣羊皮 何益?内心具欲林,形仪徒严饰!

  395 Pamsukuladharam jantum, kisam dhamanisanthatam,

  ekam vanasmim jhayantam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385)

  [Pamsukula尘土衣][dharam穿(阳单业格, a.)] [jantum人(阳单业格)],

  [kisam瘦(阳单业格, a.)] [dhamani静脉][santhatam铺设(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [ekam单独(阳单业格, a.)] [vanasmim林(中单处格)] [jhayantam禅那(阳单业格, ppr.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  395 诸着粪扫衣 ,消瘦露经脉,林中独入定,是谓婆罗门。

  396~422

  396 Na c’aham brahmanam brumi, yonijam mattisambhavam,

  bhovadi nama so hoti, sace hoti sakibcano.

  Akibcanam anadanam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn.620)

  [Na不] [c’但是][aham我(单主格)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)],

  [yonijam胎生(阳单业格, a.)] {[matti母][sambhavam一起变成](阳单业格, a.)},

  [bhovadi尊的说者(阳单主格)] [nama名叫(adv.)] [so他(阳单主格)] [hoti变成(单3现)],

  [sace若] hoti [sakibcano有任何(阳单主格, a.)].

  [Akibcanam无任何(阳单业格, a.)] [anadanam不拿起(阳单业格, a.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  396 所谓婆罗门,非从母胎生。如执诸烦恼,但名说「菩」 者。若无一切执,是谓婆罗门。

  397 Sabbasamyojanam chetva, yo ve na paritassati,

  savgatigam visamyuttam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn621)

  [Sabba一切][samyojanam结合(阳单业格)] [chetva切断(ger.)],

  [yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [ve确实] [na不] [paritassati遍战慄(单3现)],

  [savg执着][atigam越过...而去(阳单业格, a.)] [visamyuttam离结合(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  397 断除一切结,彼实无恐怖,无着离繫缚,是谓婆罗门。

  398 Chetva nandhim varattabca, sandanam sahanukkamam,

  ukkhittapaligham buddham, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn.622)

  [Chetva切断(ger.)] [nandhim皮带(阴单业格)] [varattab皮绳(中单业格)] [ca及],

  [sandanam绳(中单业格)] [sahanukkamam包括马勒(单业格)],

  {[ukkhitta拉高(pp.)][paligham闩](阳单业格, a.)} [buddham觉(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  398 除皮带与缰,及断绳.所属,捨障碍 觉者,是谓婆罗门。

  399 Akkosam vadhabandhabca, aduttho yo titikkhati,

  khantibalam balanikam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.623)

  [Akkosam叱骂(阳单业格)] [vadha打杀][bandhab繫缚(中单业格)] [ca及],

  [aduttho未为难(阳单主格, pp.)] [yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [titikkhati忍受(单3现)],

  [khantibalam以忍耐为强力(阳单业格, a.)] [balanikam强力阵势(阳单业格, a.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  399 能忍骂与打,而无有瞋恨,具忍力强军,是谓婆罗门。

  400 Akkodhanam vatavantam, silavantam anussutam,

  dantam antimasariram, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn624)

  [Akkodhanam无愤怒(阳单业格, a.)] [vatavantam有禁制(阳单业格, a.)],

  [silavantam有戒(阳单业格, a.)] [anussutam无贪欲(阳单业格, a.)],

  [dantam调伏(阳单业格, pp.)] [antima最终极(a.)][sariram身体(阳单业格, a.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  400 无有瞋怒具德行,持戒不为诸欲润,调御得达最后身──我称彼为婆罗门。

  401 Vari pokkharapatte va, araggeriva sasapo,

  yo na limpati kamesu, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn625)

  [Vari水(中单主格)] [pokkharapatte莲叶(单处格)] [va如],

  [aragge锥尖(中单处格)]r[iva如(indecl.)] [sasapo芥子(阳单主格)],

  [yo凡是(阳单主格, rp.)] [na不] [limpati涂染(单3现)] [kamesu欲(阳複处格)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  401 犹如水落于莲叶,如置芥子于针锋,不染着于爱欲者──我称彼为婆罗门。

  402 Yo dukkhassa pajanati, idh’ eva khayam attano,

  pannabharam visamyuttam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.626)

  [Yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [dukkhassa苦(中单属格)] [pajanati彻底知(单3现)],

  [idh’在这裡] [eva如此] [khayam灭尽(阳单业格)] [attano自我(阳单与格)],

  {[panna落(pp.)][bharam负担](阳单业格, a.)} [visamyuttam离结合(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  402 若人于此世界中,觉悟消灭其自苦,放弃重负得解脱──我称彼为婆罗门。

  403 Gambhirapabbam medhavim, maggamaggassa kovidam,

  uttamatthamanuppattam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn627)

  [Gambhirapabbam深慧(阳单业格, a.)] [medhavim有智(阳单业格, a.)],

  [magg道][amaggassa非道(阳单与格)] [kovidam熟知(阳单业格, a.)],

  [uttam最上][attham义利(中单主格)][anuppattam随得达(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  403 有甚深智慧,善辨道非道,证无上境界,是谓婆罗门。

  404 Asamsattham gahatthehi, anagarehi c’ubhayam,

  anokasarim appiccham tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.628)

  [Asamsattham未接触(阳单业格, pp.)] [gahatthehi在家者(阳複具格)],

  [anagarehi无家(阳複具格, a.)] [c’及][ubhayam两者(阳单业格, a.)],

  [anoka无住处][sarim云游(阳单业格, a.)] [appiccham少量欲求(阳单业格, a.)]

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  404 不与俗人溷,不与僧相杂 ,无家无欲者,是谓婆罗门。

  405 Nidhaya dandam bhutesu, tasesu thavaresu ca,

  yo na hanti na ghateti, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn629)

  [Nidhaya藏置(ger.)] [dandam杖(阳单业格)] [bhutesu生物(中複处格)],

  [tasesu战慄(中複处格, a.)] [thavaresu安定(中複处格, a.)] [ca及],

  [yo凡是(阳单主格, rp.)] [na不] [hanti击杀(单3现)] na [ghateti杀(单3现)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  405 一切强弱有情中,彼人尽弃于刀杖,不自杀.不教他杀──我称彼为婆罗门。

  406 Aviruddham viruddhesu, attadandesu nibbutam,

  sadanesu anadanam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn630)

  [Aviruddham未扩大妨碍(阳单业格, pp.)] [viruddhesu扩大妨碍(阳複处格, pp.)],

  [atta拿起(pp.)][dandesu杖(阳複处格)] [nibbutam冷却(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [sadanesu有拿起(阳複处格, a.)] [anadanam不拿起(阳单业格, a.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  406 于仇敌中友谊者,执杖人中温和者,执着人中无着者──我称彼为婆罗门。

  407 Yassa rago ca doso ca, mano makkho ca patito,

  sasaporiva aragga, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.631)

  [Yassa他(阳单属格, rp.)] [rago染(阳单主格)] [ca及] [doso为难(阳单主格)] ca,

  [mano傲慢(阳单主格)] [makkho伪善(阳单主格)] ca [patito使...落下(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [sasapo芥子(阳单主格)r[iva如(indecl.)] [aragga锥尖(中单从格)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  407 贪欲瞋恚并慢心,以及虚伪皆脱落,犹如芥子落针锋──我称彼为婆罗门。

  408 Akakkasam vibbapanim, giram saccam udiraye,

  yaya nabhisaje kabci, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn.632)

  [Akakkasam无粗暴(阴单业格, a.)] [vibbapanim使...扩大知(阴单业格, a.)],

  [giram言辞(阴单业格)] [saccam真谛(阴单业格, a.)] [udiraye说出(单3opt.)],

  [yaya那个(阴单处格, rp.)] [n不][abhisaje迁怒(单3opt.)] [kabci任何者(阳单业格)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  408 不言粗恶语,说益语.实语,不触怒于人,是谓婆罗门。

  409 Yo’dha digham va rassam va, anum thulam subhasubham

  loke adinnam nadiyati, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn.633)

  [Yo凡是(阳单主格, rp.)] [’dha在这裡(=idha)] [digham长(单业格, a.)] [va或] [rassam短(单业格, a.)] [va或],

  [anum小(单业格, a.)] [thulam大(单业格, a.)] [subh美妙][asubham不美妙(单业格, a.)],

  [loke世间(阳单处格)] [adinnam未给与(单业格, pp.)] [n不][adiyati拿起(单3现)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  409 于此善或恶,修短与粗细,不与而不取,是谓婆罗门。

  410 Asa yassa na vijjanti, asmim loke paramhi ca,

  nirasayam visamyuttam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh168 & Dh385) (=Sn.634)

  [Asa希望(阴複主格)] [yassa他(阳单属格, rp.)] [na不] [vijjanti被知(複3现)],

  [asmim此(阳单处格)] [loke世间(阳单处格)] [paramhi下一(阳单处格, a.)] [ca及],

  [nirasayam无依附(阳单业格, a.)] [visamyuttam离结合(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  410 对此世.他世,均无有欲望,无欲而解脱,是谓婆罗门。

  411 Yass’alaya na vijjanti, abbaya akathamkathi,

  amatogadhamanuppattam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn.635)

  [Yass’他(阳单属格, rp.)][alaya附着(阳複主格)] [na不] [vijjanti被知(複3现)],

  [abbaya了知(ger.)] [akathamkathi无疑问(阳单主格, a.)],

  [amat不死][ogadham沉浸(阳单业格, a.)][anuppattam随得达(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  411 无有贪欲者,了悟无疑惑,证得无生地,是谓婆罗门。

  412 Yo’dha pubbabca papabca, ubho savgam upaccaga,

  asokam virajam suddham, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh.267 & Dh.385) (cp. Sn.636)

  [Yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [’dha在这裡(=idha)] [pubbab福(中单业格)] {ca [papab恶(中单业格)] ca及},

  [ubho两者(阳单业格, a.)] [savgam执着(阳单业格)] [upaccaga全部越过...而去(单3过)],

  [asokam无悲伤(阳单业格, a.)] [virajam离尘(阳单业格, a.)] [suddham淨(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  412 若于此世间,不着善与恶,无忧而清淨,是谓婆罗门。

  413 Candam va vimalam suddham, vippasannam anavilam,

  nandibhavaparikkhinam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.637)

  [Candam月(阳单业格)] [va如] [vimalam离垢(阳单业格, a.)] [suddham淨(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [vippasannam扩大明淨(阳单业格, pp.)] [anavilam无溷浊(阳单业格, a.)],

  [nandi欢喜(f.)][bhava变成][parikkhinam被遍灭尽(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  413 如月淨无瑕,澄静而清明,灭于再生欲,是谓婆罗门。

  414 Yo imam palipatham duggam, samsaram moham accaga,

  tinno paragato jhayi, anejo akathamkathi,

  anupadaya nibbuto, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn.638)

  [Yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [imam此(阳单业格)] [palipatham江湖(阳单业格)] [duggam恶路(阳单业格)],

  [samsaram轮迴(阳单业格)] [moham痴(阳单业格)] [accaga越过...而去(单3过)],

  [tinno渡(阳单主格, pp.)] [para彼岸][gato去到(阳单主格, pp.)] [jhayi禅那(阳单主格, a.)],

  [anejo无动(阳单主格, a.)] [akathamkathi无疑问(阳单主格, a.)],

  [anupadaya无取(ger.)] [nibbuto涅槃(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  414 超越泥泞崎岖道,并踰愚痴轮迴海,得度彼岸住禅定,

  无欲而又无疑惑,无着证涅槃.寂静──我称彼为婆罗门。

  415 Yo’dha kame pahatvana, anagaro paribbaje,

  kamabhavaparikkhinam tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.639)

  [Yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [’dha在这裡(=idha)] [kame欲(阳複业格)] [pahatvana彻底捨弃(ger.)],

  [anagaro无家(阳单主格, a.)] [paribbaje遍游行(单3opt.)],

  [kamabhava变成欲][parikkhinam被遍灭尽(阳单业格, pp.)]

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  415 弃捨欲乐于此世,出家而成无家人,除灭欲乐生起者──我称彼为婆罗门。

  416 Yo’dha tanham pahatvana, anagaro paribbaje,

  tanhabhavaparikkhinam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh415) (=Sn.640)

  [Yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [’dha在这裡(=idha)] [tanham渴爱(阴单业格)] [pahatvana彻底捨弃(ger.)],

  [anagaro无家(阳单主格, a.)] [paribbaje遍游行(单3opt.)],

  [tanhabhava渴爱及变成][parikkhinam被遍灭尽(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  416 弃捨爱欲于此世,出家而成无家人,除灭爱欲生起者──我称彼为婆罗门。

  417 Hitva manusakam yogam, dibbam yogam upaccaga,

  sabbayogavisamyuttam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.641)

  [Hitva捨弃(ger.)] [manusakam人(阳单业格, a.)] [yogam轭(阳单业格)],

  [dibbam天(阳单业格, a.)] yogam [upaccaga全部越过...而去(单3过)],

  [sabba一切]yoga[visamyuttam离结合(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  417 远离人间缚,超越天上缚,除一切缚者,是谓婆罗门。

  418 Hitva ratinca aratibca, sitibhutam nirupadhim,

  sabbalokabhibhum viram, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.642)

  [Hitva捨弃(ger.)] [ratib喜乐(阴单业格)] [ca及] [aratib不喜乐(阴单业格)] ca,

  [sitibhutam变成清凉(阳单业格, pp.)] [nirupadhim无存留(阳单业格, a.)],

  [sabba一切][lok世间][abhibhum胜(阳单业格, a.)] [viram英雄(阳单业格)]

  [tam那个(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  418 弃捨喜.不喜 ,清凉无烦恼,勇者胜世间 ,是谓婆罗门。

  419 Cutim yo vedi sattanam, upapattibca sabbaso,

  asattam sugatam buddham, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.643)

  [Cutim脱离(阴单业格)] [yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [vedi感受(单3过)] [sattanam已执着者(阳複属格)],

  [upapattib显现(阳单业格)] [ca及] [sabbaso一切(中单从格)],

  [asattam未执着(阳单业格, pp.)] [sugatam善去(阳单业格, pp.)] [buddham觉(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  419 若遍知一切──有情死与生,无执.善逝.佛,是谓婆罗门。

  420 Yassa gatim na jananti, deva gandhabbamanusa,

  khinasavam arahantam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.644)

  [Yassa他(阳单属格, rp.)] [gatim去处(阴单业格)] [na不] [jananti知(複3现)],

  [deva天(阳複主格)] [gandhabba乾达博][manusa人(阳複主格)],

  [khinasavam诸流向已被灭尽(阳单业格, a.)] [arahantam阿罗汉(阳单业格)]

  [tam那个(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  420 诸天.乾闼婆及人,俱不知彼之所趣,烦恼漏尽阿罗汉──我称彼为婆罗门。

  421 Yassa pure ca paccha ca, majjhe ca natthi kibcanam,

  akibcanam anadanam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.645) (396)

  [Yassa他(阳单属格, rp.)] [pure在以前(adv.)] [ca及] [paccha以后(adv.)] ca,

  [majjhe中间(阳单处格)] ca [natthi不存在(单3现)] [kibcanam任何(中单主格, a.)],

  [akibcanam无任何(阳单业格, a.)] [anadanam不拿起(阳单业格, a.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  421 前.后与中间 ,彼无有一物,不着一物者,是谓婆罗门。

  422 Usabham pavaram viram, mahesim vijitavinam,

  anejam nhatakam buddham, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (=Sn.646)

  [Usabham公牛(阳单业格)] [pavaram彻底最好(阳单业格, a.)] [viram英雄(阳单业格)],

  [mahesim大仙(阳单业格)] [vijitavinam已有扩大胜过(阳单业格, a.)],

  [anejam无动(阳单业格, a.)] [nhatakam已沐浴者(阳单业格)] [buddham觉(阳单业格, pp.)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  422 牛王 最尊勇勐者,大仙无欲胜利者,浴己无垢及觉者──我称彼为婆罗门。

  423 Pubbenivasam yo vedi, saggapayabca passati,

  atho jatikkhayam patto, abhibbavosito muni

  sabbavositavosanam, tam aham brumi brahmanam. (cp. Dh385) (cp. Sn.647)

  [Pubbenivasam前世住处(单业格)] [yo他(阳单主格, rp.)] [vedi感受(单3过)],

  [sagg天界][apayab苦界(阳单业格)] [ca并且] [passati看到(单3现)],

  [atho然后] [jatikkhayam灭尽生(阳单业格)] [patto得达(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [abhibba全面知(ger.)] [vosito达成(阳单主格, pp.)] [muni牟尼(阳单主格)],

  {[sabba一切][vosita达成(pp.)][vosanam扩大终结](阳单业格, a.)},

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [aham我(主格)] [brumi说...是(单1现)] [brahmanam婆罗门(阳单业格)].

  423 牟尼能知于前生,并见天界及恶趣,获得除灭于再生,

  业已完成无上智,一切圆满成就者──我称彼为婆罗门。

  ﹝参考资料﹞

  1. Acharya Buddharakkhita(英译,Third Edition),了参法师(中译),明法比丘(中文注释),《法句经》,初版,嘉义市:嘉义新雨道场,2001年。

  2. Acharya Buddharakkhita, The Dhammapada the Buddha’s Path of Wisdom, Second BPS edition, Sri Lanka: Karunaratne & Sons Ltd., 1966.

  3. 了参法师(1916-1985)译:《南传法句经》。

  4. 廖文灿译,《巴利语法句选译》,初版,嘉义县:法雨道场,2006年。

  5. Dhammapada-atthaka﹐Chattha Savgayana CD in 1956, edited by Dhammavassarama(嘉义:法雨道场),2006年。(电子书)

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