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明法尊者:《法句经》注 24、爱欲品


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明法尊者:《法句经》注 24、爱欲品

 

  334~337

  334 Manujassa pamattacarino, tanha vaddhati maluva viya,

  so plavati hurahuram, phalam iccham va vanasmim vanaro.

  [Manujassa人(阳单属格)] [pamattacarino在已放逸之中行(阳单属格, a.)],

  [tanha渴爱(阴单主格)] [vaddhati增长(单3现)] [maluva常春藤(阴单主格)] [viya如],

  [so他(阳单主格)] [plavati漂浮(单3现)] [hurahuram从其它处到另一处(adv.)],

  [phalam果(中单业格)] [iccham欲求(阳单主格, ppr.)] [va如] [vanasmim林(中单处格)] [vanaro猴(阳单主格)].

  334 若住于放逸,爱增如蔓萝。此生又彼生,如猿求林果。

  335 Yam esa sahate jammi, tanha loke visattika,

  soka tassa pavaddhanti abhivattam va biranam.

  [Yam他(阳单业格, rp.)] [esa这(阴单主格)] [sahate克服(单3现,为自言)] [jammi卑贱(阴单主格, a.)],

  [tanha渴爱(阴单主格)] [loke世间(阳单处格)] [visattika扩大执着(阴单主格)],

  [soka悲伤(阳複主格)] [tassa他(阳单属格)] [pavaddhanti彻底增长(複3现)],

  [abhivattam全面下雨(中单主格, pp.)] [va如] [biranam毗罗那草(中单主格)].

  335 若于此世界,为恶欲缠缚,忧苦日增长,如毘罗 得雨。

  336 Yo c’ etam sahate jammim, tanham loke duraccayam,

  soka tamha papatanti, udabindu va pokkhara.

  [Yo凡是(阳单主格, rp.)] [c’但是] [etam这(阴单业格)] [sahate克服(单3现,为自言)] [jammim卑贱(阴单业格, a.)],

  [tanham渴爱(阴单业格)] [loke世间(阳单处格)] [duraccayam难消逝(阴单业格, a.)],

  [soka悲伤(阳複主格)] [tamha由于它] [papatanti彻底落下(複3现)],

  [udabindu水滴(阳複主格)] [va如] [pokkhara莲叶(中单从格)].

  336 若于此世界,降难降爱欲,忧苦自除落,如水滴莲叶。

  337 Tam vo vadami bhaddam vo yavant’ ettha samagata,

  tanhaya mulam khanatha, usirattho va biranam;

  ma vo nalam va soto va, Maro bhabji punappunam.

  [Tam那个(中单业格)] [vo你们(与格)] [vadami说(单1现)] [bhaddam祥善(中单业格)] [vo你们(主格)]

  [yavant’有这麽多(阳複主格, a.)] [ettha在此处] [samagata一起来(阳複主格, pp.)],

  [tanhaya渴爱(阴单属格)] [mulam根(中单业格)] [khanatha挖(複2imp.)],

  {[usir毗罗那草根][attho需要](阳单主格, a.)} [va如] [biranam毗罗那草(中单业格)];

  [ma不要] [vo你们(业格)] [nalam芦苇(阳单业格)] [va如] [soto水流(阳单主格)] [va如此],

  [Maro魔罗(阳单主格)] [bhabji破坏(单3过)] [punappunam一再(adv.)].

  337 我说此善事:汝等集于此,掘爱欲之根,如求毘罗那,

  掘去其甜根。勿再为魔王,屡屡害汝等,如洪水侵苇。

  338~343

  338 Yathapi mule anupaddave dalhe, chinno pi rukkho punar eva ruhati,

  evam pi tanhanusaye anuhate, nibbattati dukkham idam punappunam.

  [Yatha像][pi亦] [mule根(中单处格)] [anupaddave无危害(中单处格, a.)] [dalhe坚强(中单处格, a.)],

  [chinno切断(阳单主格, pp.)] [pi即使...亦] [rukkho树(阳单主格)] [punar再(indecl.)] [eva如此] [ruhati生长(单3现)],

  [evam如是] pi [tanh渴爱][anusaye随眠(阳单处格)] [anuhate未被切掉(阳单处格, pp.)],

  [nibbattati生出(单3现)] [dukkham苦(中单主格)] [idam此(中单主格)] [punappunam一再(adv.)].

  338 不伤深固根,虽伐树还生。爱欲不断根,苦生亦复尔。

  339 Yassa chattimsati sota, manapasavana bhusa,

  vaha vahanti dudditthim, savkappa raganissita.

  [Yassa他(阳单属格, rp.)] [chattimsati三十六(num.)] [sota流(阳複主格)],

  [manapa中(ㄓㄨㄥˋ)意(a.)][savana流(阳複主格, a.)] [bhusa强大(阳複主格, a.)],

  [vaha载运者(阳複主格)] [vahanti载运(複3现)] [dudditthim恶见解(阴单业格)],

  [savkappa思惟(阳複主格)] [raga染][nissita投靠(阳複主格, pp.)].

  339 彼具三十六爱流 ,势强奔流向欲境,是则彼具邪见人,为欲思惟漂荡去。

  340 Savanti sabbadhi sota, lata ubbhijja titthati,

  tabca disva latam jatam, mulam pabbaya chindatha.

  [Savanti流(複3现)] [sabbadhi在一切处(adv.)] [sota水流(阳複主格)],

  [lata蔓草(阴单主格)] [ubbhijja发芽(ger.)] [titthati站立(单3现)],

  [tab那个(阴单业格)] [ca但是] [disva见(ger.)] [latam蔓草(阴单业格)] [jatam生(阴单业格, pp.)],

  [mulam根(中单业格)] [pabbaya慧(阴单具格)] [chindatha切断(複2imp.)].

  340 欲流处处流,蔓萝盛发芽。汝见蔓萝生,以慧断其根。

  341 Saritani sinehitani ca, somanassani bhavanti jantuno,

  te satasita sukhesino, te ve jatijarupaga nara.

  [Saritani念(中複主格, pp.)] [sinehitani爱(中複主格, pp.)] [ca及],

  [somanassani如意(中複主格)] [bhavanti变成(複3现)] [jantuno人(阳单属格)],

  [te他们(阳複主格)] [sata令人愉快][sita依靠(阳複主格, pp.)] [sukh乐][esino求(阳複主格, a.)],

  [te那些(阳複主格)] [ve确实] [jati生][jar老化][upaga经历(阳複主格, a.)] [nara人(阳複主格)].

  341 世喜悦欲滋润,亦喜驰逐六尘。彼虽向乐求乐,但唯得于生灭。

  342 Tasinaya purakkhata paja, parisappanti saso va bandhito,

  samyojanasavgasattaka, dukkham upenti punappunam ciraya.

  [Tasinaya渴爱(阴单具格)] [purakkhata作前头(阴複主格, pp.)] [paja世代子孙(阴複主格)],

  [parisappanti跑来跑去(複3现)] [saso兔(阳单主格)] [va如] [bandhito繫缚(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [samyojana结合][savga执着][sattaka已执着(阳複主格, a.)],

  [dukkham苦(中单业格)] [upenti经历(複3现)] [punappunam一再(adv.)] [ciraya长久(adv.)].

  342 随逐爱欲人,驰迴如网兔。缠缚于烦恼,再再长受苦。

  343 Tasinaya purakkhata paja, parisappanti saso va bandhito, (cp. Dh342)

  tasma tasinam vinodaye, akavkhanta viragam attano.

  [Tasinaya渴爱(阴单具格)] [purakkhata作前头(阴複主格, pp.)] [paja世代子孙(阴複主格)],

  [parisappanti跑来跑去(複3现)] [saso兔(阳单主格)] [va如] [bandhito繫缚(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [tasma由于它] [tasinam渴爱(阴单业格)] [vinodaye除掉(单3opt.)],

  [akavkhanta希望(阳单呼格, ppr.)] [viragam离染(阳单业格)] [attano自我(阳单属格)].

  343 随逐爱欲人,驰迴如网兔。比丘求无欲,故须自离欲。

  344 Yo nibbanatho vanadhimutto, vanamutto vanam eva dhavati,

  tam puggalam etha passatha, mutto bandhanam eva dhavati.

  [Yo凡是(阳单主格, rp.)] [nibbanatho无心愿(阳单主格, a.)] [van愿望][adhimutto在...上被释放(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [vana愿望][mutto释放(阳单主格, pp.)] [vanam愿望(中单业格)] [eva如此] [dhavati追(单3现)],

  [tam他(阳单业格)] [puggalam个人(阳单业格)] [etha来(複2imp.)] [passatha看(複2imp.)],

  mutto [bandhanam繫缚(中单业格)] eva dhavati.

  344 捨欲.喜林间 ,离欲复向欲,当观于此人:解缚复向缚。

  345~346

  345 Na tam dalham bandhanam ahu dhira, yad ayasam darujapabbajabca;

  sarattaratta manikundalesu, puttesu daresu ca ya apekkha.

  (cf. S.3.10./I,77.; J.201.;《杂阿含1235经》,《别译杂阿含62经》)

  [Na不] [tam它(中单主格)] [dalham坚强(中单主格, a.)] [bandhanam繫缚(中单主格)] [ahu说(複3过)] [dhira贤明者(阳複主格)],

  [yad凡是(中单主格, rp.)] [ayasam铁做的(中单主格, a.)] {[daruja木生(a.)][pabbajab麻](中单主格, a.)} [ca及];

  {[saratta完全被染(pp.)][ratta被染](阳複主格, pp.)} [mani宝石][kundalesu耳环(複处格)],

  [puttesu子(阳複处格)] [daresu妻(阳複处格)] ca [ya凡是(阴複主格, rp.)] [apekkha渴望(阴複主格, a.)].

  345 铁.木.麻作者,智说非坚缚。迷恋妻.子.财,是实为坚缚。

  346 Etam dalham bandhanam ahu dhira, oharinam sithilam duppamubcam;

  etam pi chetvana paribbajanti, anapekkhino kamasukham pahaya.

  (cp. Dh345) (cf. S.3.10./I,77.; J.201.;《杂阿含1235经》,《别译杂阿含62经》)

  [Etam这(中单主格)] [dalham坚强(中单主格, a.)] [bandhanam繫缚(中单主格)] [ahu说(複3过)] [dhira贤明者(阳複主格)],

  [oharinam拖下(中单主格, a.)] [sithilam鬆懈(中单主格, a.)] [duppamubcam难被释放出(中单主格, a.)];

  [etam这(中单业格)] [pi即使...亦] [chetvana切断(ger.)] [paribbajanti遍游行(複3现)],

  [anapekkhino无渴望(阳複主格, a.)] [kama欲][sukham乐(中单业格)] [pahaya彻底捨弃(ger.)].

  346 能引堕落者,智说为坚缚。彼虽似宽缓,而实难解脱。断此无着者,捨欲而出家。

  347 Ye ragarattanupatanti sotam, sayamkatam makkatako va jalam,

  etam pi chetvana vajanti dhira, anapekkhino sabbadukkham pahaya.

  [Ye凡是(阳複主格, rp.)] [raga染][ratt被染(pp.)][anupatanti随落下(複3现)] [sotam流(阳单业格)],

  [sayam自己(adv.)][katam作(中单主格, pp.)] [makkatako蜘蛛(阳单主格)] [va如] [jalam网(中单业格)],

  [etam这(中单业格)] [pi亦] [chetvana切断(ger.)] [vajanti游行(複3现)] [dhira贤明者(阳複主格)],

  [anapekkhino无渴望(阳複主格, a.)] [sabba一切][dukkham苦(中单业格)] [pahaya彻底捨弃(ger.)].

  347 彼耽于欲随欲流,投自结网如蜘蛛。断此缚而无着者,离一切苦而遨游 。

  348 Mubca pure mubca pacchato, majjhe mubca bhavassa paragu,

  sabbattha vimuttamanaso, na puna jatijaram upehisi. (cp. Dh238)

  [Mubca释放(单2imp.)] [pure在以前(adv.)] mubca [pacchato在后面(adv.)],

  [majjhe中间(单处格, a.)] mubca [bhavassa变成(阳单与格)] [paragu已去到彼岸(阳单主格, a.)],

  [sabbattha在一切处(adv.)] {[vimutta释放(pp.)][manaso意](阳单主格, a.)},

  [na不] [puna再(indecl.)] [jati生][jaram老化(阴单业格)] [upehisi经历(单2未)].

  348 捨过.现.未来,而渡于彼岸。心解脱一切,不再受生老。

  349~350

  349 Vitakkapamathitassa jantuno, tibbaragassa subhanupassino,

  bhiyyo tanha pavaddhati, esa kho dalham karoti bandhanam.

  [Vitakka扩大思索][pamathitassa彻底搅乱(阳单与格, pp.)] [jantuno人(阳单与格)],

  [tibba激烈(a.)][ragassa染(阳单与格)] [subh美妙][anupassino随看(阳单与格, a.)],

  [bhiyyo更多(adv.)] [tanha渴爱(阴单主格)] [pavaddhati彻底增长(单3现)],

  [esa这(阳单主格)] [kho确实] [dalham坚强(中单业格, a.)] [karoti作(单3现)] [bandhanam繫缚(中单业格)].

  349 恶想所乱者,求乐欲炽然,彼欲倍增长,自作坚牢缚。

  350 Vitakkupasame ca yo rato, asubham bhavayate sada sato,

  esa kho vyantikahiti, esa checchati Marabandhanam.

  [Vitakk扩大思索][upasame全部平息(阳单处格)] [ca但是] [yo凡是(阳单主格, rp.)] [rato喜乐(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [asubham不美妙(单业格, a.)] [bhavayate修习(单3现, 为自言)] [sada经常(adv.)] [sato念(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [esa这(阳单主格)] [kho确实] [vyantikahiti作扩大终极(单3未)],

  esa [checchati切断(单3未)] [Mara魔罗][bandhanam繫缚(中单业格)].

  350 喜离恶想者,常念于不淨。当除于爱欲,不为魔罗缚。

  351~352

  351 Nitthavgato asantasi, vitatanho anavgano,

  acchindi bhavasallani, antimo’yam samussayo.

  [Nitthavgato去到完成(阳单主格, pp.)] [asantasi无惊怖(阳单主格, a.)],

  [vitatanho离渴爱(阳单主格, a.)] [anavgano无斑点(阳单主格, a.)],

  [acchindi切断(单3过)] [bhava变成][sallani欲箭(中複业格)],

  [antimo最终极(阳单主格, a.)] [’yam此(阳单主格)] [samussayo躯体(阳单主格)].

  351 达究竟处无畏,离爱欲.无垢秽,断除生有之箭,此为彼最后身。

  352 Vitatanho anadano, niruttipadakovido,

  akkharanam sannipatam, jabba pubbaparani ca,

  sa ve “antimasariro, mahapabbo mahapuriso” ti vuccati.

  [Vitatanho已离渴爱(阳单主格, a.)] [anadano不拿起(阳单主格, a.)],

  [niruttipada原始圣典语言][kovido熟知(阳单主格, a.)],

  [akkharanam字(中複属格)] [sannipatam集合(阳单业格)],

  [jabba知(单3opt.)] [pubbaparani以前及以后(中複业格, a.)] [ca并且],

  [sa他(阳单主格)] [ve确实] “[antima最终极(a.)][sariro身体(阳单主格, a.)],

  [mahapabbo大慧(阳单主格, a.)] [mahapuriso大人(阳单主格)]” [ti这样(结尾语)] [vuccati被叫做(单3现)].

  352 离欲.无染者,通达词无碍,善知义与法,及字聚次第 ,彼为最后身,大智大丈夫。

  353 Sabbabhibhu sabbavidu’ham asmi, sabbesu dhammesu anupalitto,

  sabbabjaho tanhakkhaye vimutto, sayam abhibbaya kam uddiseyyam. (cf. M. i176)

  [Sabb一切][abhibhu胜(阳单主格, a.)] [sabba一切][vidu知(阳单主格, a.)] [’ham我(单主格)] [asmi是(单1现)],

  [sabbesu一切(阳複处格, a.)] [dhammesu法(阳複处格)] [anupalitto未全部涂染(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [sabbab一切][jaho捨弃(阳单主格, a.)] [tanhakkhaye灭尽渴爱(阳单处格)] [vimutto被释放开(阳单主格, pp.)],

  [sayam自己(adv.)] [abhibbaya全面知(ger.)] [kam谁?(阳单业格)] [uddiseyyam出示(单1opt.)].

  353 我降伏一切,我了知一切。一切法无染,离弃于一切,灭欲得解脱,自证谁称师?

  354 Sabbadanam dhammadanam jinati, sabbarasam dhammaraso jinati,

  sabbaratim dhammarati jinati, tanhakkhayo sabbadukkham jinati.

  [Sabba一切][danam赠与(中单业格)] [dhamma法][danam赠与(中单主格)] [jinati胜过(单3现)],

  sabba[rasam味(阳单业格)] dhamma[raso味(阳单主格)] jinati,

  sabba[ratim喜乐(阴单业格)] dhamma[rati喜乐(阴单主格)] jinati,

  [tanhakkhayo灭尽渴爱(阳单主格)] sabba[dukkham苦(中单业格)] jinati.

  354 诸施法施胜;诸味法味胜;诸喜法喜胜;除爱胜诸苦。

  355 Hananti bhoga dummedham, no ca paragavesino,

  bhogatanhaya dummedho, hanti abbe va attanam.

  [Hananti击杀(複3现)] [bhoga财富(阳複主格)] [dummedham恶智(阳单业格, a.)],

  [no不] [ca但是] [para彼岸][gavesino探求(阳複业格, a.)],

  bhoga[tanhaya渴爱(阴单与格)] [dummedho恶智(阳单主格, a.)],

  [hanti击杀(单3现)] [abbe其他(阳複业格, a.)] [va如] [attanam自我(阳单业格)].

  355 财富毁灭愚人,决非求彼岸者。愚人为财欲害,自害如害他人。

  356~359

  356 Tinadosani khettani, ragadosa ayam paja,

  tasma hi vitaragesu, dinnam hoti mahapphalam.

  [Tinadosani被草败坏(中複主格, a.)] [khettani田(中複主格)],

  {[raga染][dosa败坏](阴单主格, a.)} [ayam此(阴单主格)] [paja世代子孙(阴单主格)],

  [tasma hi确实由于它] [vitaragesu已离染(阳複处格, a.)],

  [dinnam赠品(中单主格)] [hoti变成(单3现)] [mahapphalam大果(中单主格)].

  356 杂草害田地,贪欲害世人。施与离贪者,故得大果报。

  357 Tinadosani khettani, dosadosa ayam paja,

  tasma hi vitadosesu, dinnam hoti mahapphalam. (cp. Dh356)

  [Tinadosani被草败坏(中複主格, a.)] [khettani田(中複主格)],

  {[dosa为难][dosa败坏](阴单主格, a.)} [ayam此(阴单主格)] [paja世代子孙(阴单主格)],

  [tasma hi确实由于它] [vitadosesu已离为难(阳複处格, a.)],

  [dinnam赠品(中单主格)] [hoti变成(单3现)] [mahapphalam大果(中单主格)].

  357 杂草害田地,瞋恚害世人。施与离瞋者,故得大果报。

  358 Tinadosani khettani, mohadosa ayam paja,

  tasma hi vitamohesu, dinnam hoti mahapphalam. (cp. Dh356)

  [Tinadosani被草败坏(中複主格, a.)] [khettani田(中複主格)],

  [moha痴][dosa败坏](阴单主格, a.)} [ayam此(阴单主格)] [paja世代子孙(阴单主格)],

  [tasma hi确实由于它] [vitamohesu已离痴(阳複处格, a.)],

  [dinnam赠品(中单主格)] [hoti变成(单3现)] [mahapphalam大果(中单主格)].

  358 杂草害田地,愚痴害世人。施与离痴者,故得大果报。

  359 Tinadosani khettani, tanhadosa ayam paja,

  tasma hi vitatanhesu, dinnam hoti mahapphalam. (cp. Dh356)

  [Tinadosani被草败坏(中複主格, a.)] [khettani田(中複主格)],

  [tanha渴爱][dosa败坏](阴单主格, a.)} [ayam此(阴单主格)] [paja世代子孙(阴单主格)],

  [tasma hi确实由于它] [vitatanhesu已离渴爱(阳複处格, a.)],

  [dinnam赠品(中单主格)] [hoti变成(单3现)] [mahapphalam大果(中单主格)].

  *P.T.S.的版本如下:

  Tinadosani khettani, icchadosa ayam paja,

  tasma hi vigaticchesu, dinnam hoti mahapphalam. (Dh356)

  359 杂草害田地,欲望害世人。施与离欲者,故得大果报。

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